Due to a number of bahavioral and dietary factors which have been the causes of most mortalities, the World Cancer Report of 2014 has revealed that new cancer cases are expected to rise to 22 million globally by the year 2022.
In Nigeria, in 2012,102,100 new cases of cancer occured. This was estimated to be 16% of cancers in the Sub-saharan region. An estimated 60% occur in females and are predominantly breast and cervical cancers, while prostate cancers are more prevalent in men.
Globally, WHO estimated that there were 14.1 million new cancer cases, 8.2 million cancer deaths and 32.6 million people living with cancer worldwide.
This was revealed yesterday by the minister of health, Prof Isaac Adewole during the commemoration of the 2016 World Cancer Day where he also stated that over 80% of these cancers are preventable and treatable and it is estimated that more than 70% of cancer deaths occur in low and middle income countries.
With the 2016 theme as ‘We Can, I Can’, the minister stated that ‘The burden of cancer is growing due to a number of behavioural and dietary risk factors that are most essentially lifestyle-related including sexual practices, increasing oral and anal sex; social habits such as smoking and alcohol; declining fertility rates, sedentary life and obesity, nutrition and diet. According to the World Cancer Report of 2014, the projected annual burden of cancer is 22 million cases by 2022.’
In the same vein, the federal government has initiated a planning process that will culminate in the transformation of the National Cancer Control Programme into a national agency.
Adewole said the planned agency which is expected to be named National Agency for Cancer Control, will provide leadership and technical direction for cancer control in Nigeria.
‘It will be a multidisciplinary centre involving all healthcare personnel, basic and social scientists including public health experts.
The agency which will focus on policy formulation, advocacy and mobolisation, centre of excellence for cancer prevention and care, is to be ‘modelled similar to Catalan Institute for Oncology which consists of clusters of cancer centres each of which is anchored and linked to a tertiary centre. It will drive comprehensive cancer treatment including palliative care, research and teaching whilst paying attention to the needs of the individual cancer patient.’
‘The agency shall consist of the following operational units; data bank, a research unit which will address issues regarding; basic science, clinical trials, therapeutic trials, etc; service unit which will further incorporate the following branches that will cater for screening, investigations, specialised care, palliative care as well as mobilisation and advocacy.’
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