Azoospermia is a condition that prevents a man from having sperm in his semen. It is a major cause of male subfertility. Subfertility is a condition that prevents a man from getting a woman pregnant after 1 year of unprotected regular sex. This means that no birth control methods, such as birth control pills, diaphragms, condoms, or the rhythm method, have been used.
Azoospermia may occur if the flow of sperm is blocked and cannot leave the body (obstructive cause). Azoospermia may also be caused by a problem with sperm production (nonobstructive cause).
- Genetic conditions , such as congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens, may affect sperm transport.
- Infections of the male reproductive system, such as in the testicles or prostate, may affect male fertility.
- Trauma may cause azoospermia. Previous injury or surgery to the spine, pelvis, lower abdomen, or male sex organs may cause damage to the male reproductive system. This may include surgery on an inguinal (groin) hernia. Trauma may affect sperm production or cause an obstruction in the flow or transport of sperm.
- A varicocele is a condition that causes the veins (blood vessels) in the scrotum to become enlarged and dilated (widened).
- Medicines , such as steroids, antibiotics, and medicines used to treat inflammation or cancer may affect male fertility.
- Smoking, drinking alcohol, and using illegal drugs may also cause problems with sperm production.
- Genetic conditions may affect sperm production or development of reproductive organs. These include Klinefelter syndrome and Kallmann syndrome.
- Abnormal hormone levels may be caused by disorders of the testicles. This may affect the production of sperm.
- Radiation used to treat cancer may affect sperm production.
- Retrograde ejaculation is a condition that causes semen to travel into the bladder instead of outside the body. It is usually caused by a problem with the neck of the bladder and may be due to spinal cord injuries, medicines, or diabetes.
- Other causes include pesticides, heavy metals, heat, and undescended testes (testicles that did move from the abdomen into the scrotum). Any of these can affect sperm production.Inability to get your partner pregnant.
See Symptoms below…
- Increased body fat, body hair, and breast tissue
- Clear, watery, or whitish discharge from the penis
- Presence of a mass or swelling on the scrotum that feels like a bag of worms (varicocele)
- Stress or emotional pressure from not being able to conceive a child
- Testicles that are small, soft, or cannot be felt
- Veins that are enlarged, twisted, and may be seen in the scrotum (varicocele)
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